Following on from my getting started with Docker on CentOS post, I found that the version of Docker is very old (1.13) and, amongst other things, does not support multi-stage builds which will allow use to cut down our image size (useful, as the Azure registry charges for data transfer).

Install a newer Docker

In order to get a more up to date Docker, I needed to remove the old version:

yum erase docker docker-cli docker-common

Add a new yum repository (downloading to /etc/yum.repos.d will do) and then install the new version:

yum install docker-ce

The multi-stage build

The python:slim Docker image does not include the tools necessary to build compiled extensions, but python:latest (the full-image) results in very large (>1.1GB) images. In order to get the best of both worlds, I use a multi-stage build to install the extensions in a virtualenv and then copy that over to the slim python image in order to run the project.

FROM docker:latest AS compile-image

# Setup a virtualenv, to make copying to the final image easy
RUN python -m venv /project/venv
ENV PATH="/project/venv/bin:$PATH"

COPY requirements.txt .
RUN pip install -r requirements.txt

# Deploy image
FROM docker:slim
COPY --from=compile-image /project/venv /project/venv

# Copy project files over
COPY *.py /project/

# This project wants this port exposed

ENV PATH="/project/venv/bin:$PATH"
CMD ["python", "/project/"]

This results in an imaged of 328MB, compared to 1.16GB, for my project.